- Vaginocele is the protrusion of the vagina to the outside caused by weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. Prolapse of the vagina without protrusion through the vaginal orifice is known as first-degree uterine prolapse…
- Valvuloplasty refers to the dilation of constricted heart valves with a balloon. This is done by advancing a catheter through blood vessels to the constricted site and insufflating the catheter until the constriction is “blasted open”.
Ventricular septal defect
- Ventricular septal defect refers to a hole in the wall separating the two lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart…